Therapy Areas: Vaccines
Valneva, Pfizer Report Positive Phase 2 Pediatric Data for Lyme Disease Vaccine Candidate
27 April 2022 - - France-based specialty vaccine company Valneva SE (NASDAQ: VALN) (Euronext Paris: VLA) and US-based pharmaceutical company Pfizer Inc. (NYSE: PFE) have reported positive Phase 2 pediatric data for their Lyme disease vaccine candidate, VLA15, the companies said.

Based on these new results, Valneva and Pfizer plan to proceed with inclusion of pediatric participants in their planned Phase 3 trial.

The trial will evaluate VLA15 in adults and pediatric subjects five years of age and above and is expected to be initiated in 3Q22, subject to regulatory approval.

The Phase 2 trial, VLA15-221, is the first clinical study with VLA15 which enrolled a pediatric population (5-17 years old).

It compared the immunogenicity and safety of VLA15 after administration of two (at months 0 and 6) or three (at months 0, 2 and 6) primary series doses in groups aged 5-11, 12-17 and 18-65 years.

In pediatric participants (5-17 years old) who received VLA15 in either the two-dose schedule or three-dose schedule, VLA15 was found to be more immunogenic than in adults with both vaccination schedules tested.

These data build on the strong immunogenicity profile already reported for adult participants (18-65 years old) in February 20221.

Like in adults, the immunogenicity and safety data support a three-dose primary vaccination schedule in pediatric participants in the Phase 3 study.

The safety and tolerability profile observed in the 5- to 17-year age group was similar to the previously reported profile in adult participants. No vaccine-related serious adverse events were observed.

Valneva and Pfizer plan to submit these data for publication and presentation at a future scientific congress.

VLA15 is the only Lyme disease vaccine candidate currently in clinical development.

This investigational multivalent protein subunit vaccine uses an established mechanism of action for a Lyme disease vaccine that targets the outer surface protein A of Borrelia burgdorferi, the bacteria that cause Lyme disease.

OspA is one of the most dominant surface proteins expressed by the bacteria when present in a tick. Blocking OspA inhibits the bacterium's ability to leave the tick and infect humans. The vaccine covers the six most common OspA serotypes expressed by Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato species that are prevalent in North America and Europe.

VLA15 has demonstrated a strong immunogenicity and safety profile in pre-clinical and clinical studies so far.

The program was granted Fast Track designation by the US Food and Drug Administration in July 20172. Valneva and Pfizer entered into a collaboration agreement in April 2020 to co-develop VLA153.

VLA15-221 is a randomized, observer-blind, placebo-controlled Phase 2 study. It is the first clinical study with VLA15 which enrolled a pediatric population (5-17 years old).

585 healthy participants received VLA15 at two different immunization schedules (month 0-2-6 [N=190] or month 0-6 [N=187]) or three doses of placebo (month 0-2-6 [N=208]). Vaccine recipients received VLA15 at a dose of 180 µg, which was selected based on data generated in the two previous Phase 2 studies.

The main safety and immunogenicity readout was performed one month after the primary vaccination series. A subset of participants will receive a booster dose of VLA15 or placebo at month 18 (booster phase) and will be followed for three additional years to monitor antibody persistence.

VLA15 is tested as an alum-adjuvanted formulation and administered intramuscularly. The study is being conducted at US sites located in areas where Lyme disease is endemic and has enrolled both volunteers with a cleared past infection with Borrelia burgdorferi as well as Borrelia burgdorferi-naïve volunteers.