Therapy Areas: AIDS & HIV
Synairgen Touts Positive Data from the US NIH-led ACTIV-2 Phase 2 Trial for SNG001 in Home-Based Participants with COVID-19
5 October 2022 - - UK-based respiratory company Synairgen plc (LSE: SNG) has released topline data for participants treated with SNG001 in the US National Institutes of Health / AIDS Clinical Trials Group -led ACTIV-2 Phase 2 adaptive platform trial for COVID-19, the company said.

Between February and August 2021, 221 symptomatic, non-hospitalised adult participants with COVID-19 were enrolled in the Phase 2 SNG001 evaluation and randomised between active drug (N=110 treated) and placebo (N=110 treated1), across 25 US sites.

There were no statistically significant differences between SNG001 and placebo with respect to the primary outcomes of safety (SNG001 was well-tolerated), symptom resolution, or virology.

Fewer participants required hospitalisation following treatment with SNG001 (N=1/110, [1%]) compared to placebo (N=7/110, [6%]), an 86% relative risk reduction, that was not statistically significant (P=0.07; two-sided Fisher's exact test).

There were no deaths in either arm.

There were 13 participants with treatment-emergent Grade 3 or higher Adverse Events with four on SNG001 [3.6%] and nine on placebo [8.2%].

Based on the study results, the Independent Data Safety Monitoring Board for ACTIV-2 recommended SNG001 advance from Phase 2 into Phase 3 in the ACTIV-2 trial in October 2021.

Later, in March 2022, the NIH decided to halt all participant recruitment in the trial due to the significant shift in the nature of the pandemic which would necessitate a substantial modification of the study design which was not feasible in a multiple treatment-arm platform trial of this size.

Participants self-administered SNG001 or placebo via a nebuliser at home to complete 14 daily doses, with the first dose taken either at the study site or at home, with instructions provided by study staff and through an instructional video available online on how to take the study medication.

There was a high level of adherence to the once-daily treatment in patients taking SNG001, with 90% of patients receiving full treatment.

The ability to self-administer is important in the context of a pandemic when the ability of infected patients to travel to a clinic may be very challenging.

The primary goals of the trial were to evaluate safety, to see if the investigational therapeutic could reduce the duration of symptoms through study day 28, and to see if the investigational therapeutic could increase the proportion of patients with undetectable virus in nasopharyngeal swabs at specific time points.

Synairgen continues to actively pursue and refine multiple clinical approaches including company- and investigator-sponsored studies and possibly platform studies (as and when appropriate), to confirm the most expeditious clinical development path for SNG001 in patients hospitalised due to a severe viral lung infection including SARS-CoV-2, influenza, RSV, adenovirus, parainfluenza and rhinoviruses.

This announcement reports on the reduction in hospitalisations, a key endpoint for determining efficacy of antivirals for COVID-19. Full results, including other key endpoints, will be presented and/or published by the NIH in due course.

Synairgen is a UK-based respiratory company focused on drug discovery, development and commercialisation.

The company's primary focus is developing SNG001 (inhaled interferon beta) for the treatment of severe viral lung infections, including COVID-19, as potentially the first host-targeted, broad-spectrum antiviral treatment delivered directly into the lungs.

SNG001 has been granted Fast Track status from the US Food and Drug Administration. Founded by University of Southampton Professors Sir Stephen Holgate, Donna Davies and Ratko Djukanovic in 2003, Synairgen is quoted on AIM (LSE: SNG).

SNG001 is a pH-neutral formulation of interferon-beta (IFN-beta) for inhalation that is delivered directly into the lungs using a mesh nebuliser, which the company is developing as a potential host-directed antiviral treatment for patients hospitalised with severe viral lung infections, including COVID-19.

SNG001 has broad potential applicability for patients hospitalised with respiratory symptoms due to viral infections such as SARS-CoV-2, influenza, RSV, adenovirus, parainfluenza and rhinoviruses.


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